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10:14 AM 11/25/2017 – Voice of America: Turkish Official: Trump Has Agreed to Stop Arming Syrian Kurdish Fighters


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Voice of America: Trump Wants to End Welfare of Clinton Era
syria kurds russia – Google News: Trump: US will stop arming Kurds who fought Islamic State – Press Herald
golosamerikius’s YouTube Videos: Огни зоопарка Вашингтона
Russia and US Presidential Elections of 2016 – Google News: Flynn may be moving to cooperate with Mueller’s Russia probe – Concord Monitor
Russia | The Guardian: EU anti-propaganda unit gets 1m a year to counter Russian fake news
syria kurds russia – Google News: What is the future of the Syrian Democratic Forces? | News | Al … – Aljazeera.com
US military options in Syria – Google News: What is the future of the Syrian Democratic Forces? – Aljazeera.com
FB-RSS feed for gazeta.ru: Reuters: США занижают численность своих войск в Сирии
turkish coup 2016 and russia – Google News: Erdoğan, Trump vow to fight against ‘all’ terror groups – Yeni Şafak English
golosamerikius’s YouTube Videos: Завтрак у Тиффани уже не только классика американского кинематографа
В мире Новости Google: В Турции задержан предполагаемый организатор убийства посла Карлова – ТВ Центр – Официальный сайт телекомпании
Nato Russia – Google News: Serbia embraces tug of war between NATO and Russia – NBCNews.com
Putin and Putinism – News Review: Появились доказательства «дружбы» Корнета и армии убийц Путина – politeka.net
Europe: Rise of Polish far-right sparks alarm
россия и запад – Google News: Москва проиграла войну в Украине и мечтает обменять Донбасс – Андрей Пионтковский – Апостроф
Voice of America: Trial of Turkish-Iranian Trader to Start Without Main Suspect
Turkey and Russia – Google News: Turkey arrests one in Russian envoy murder case – Hurriyet Daily News
Window on Eurasia — New Series: Jailors, Criminal Bosses and Muslims Dividing Up Urals Prison Camps
Putin and Putinism – News Review: Возмущённый Зюганов направил телеграмму Путину – Газета Кемерова
Window on Eurasia — New Series: Operation “Russification Takes Off in Daghestan
Russia – Google News: Argentina missing submarine: Russia joins search – BBC News
В мире Новости Google: Создание российской базы в Судане нецелесообразно, считает эксперт – РИА Новости
Ukraine – Google News: New separatist leader appointed in eastern Ukraine – Tampabay.com
Window on Eurasia — New Series: Russian History is Both Cyclical and Predictable, Lipkin Argues

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Voice of America: Turkish Official: Trump Has Agreed to Stop Arming Syrian Kurdish Fighters
U.S. President Donald Trump has told his Turkish counterpart that the U.S. will no longer supply weapons to Kurdish YPG fighters in Syria, according to a Turkish officials summation of the call on Friday between the two world leaders. Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Trump made the comment Friday after speaking by phone with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. According to Cavusoglu, Trump said he had given clear instructions that the YPG not be given arms. Cavusoglu also quoted the U.S. president as saying, This nonsense should have ended a long time ago. A White House statement issued Friday evening said Trump informed Erdogan of pending adjustments to the military support provided to our partners on the ground in Syria. The statement described the change as consistent with our previous policy, and said it reflects the new phase of the battle after the fall of Raqqa, the capital of the Islamic State’s self-described caliphate. The battle of Raqqa is complete and we are progressing into a stabilization phase to ensure that ISIS cannot return,” the White House statement said, using an acronym for the militant group. The statement did not specifically name YPG. Erdogan and Trump also discussed the purchase of military equipment from the United States by Turkey, according to the White House. Turkey has been pushing to persuade the U.S. to abandon support for the YPG as the militia fights the Islamic State group. The U.S. considers the Syrian Kurds its best fighting force on the ground against Islamic State, but has to balance that interest with maintaining good relations with Turkey, a NATO ally. Ankara considers the YPG a terrorist organization linked to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, in Turkey. The PKK has been fighting Turkey since 1984 in a conflict that has left about 40,000 people dead. Turkey, the U.S. and the European Union consider the PKK to be a terrorist group. Relations between Ankara and Washington also have been strained over issues that include the U.S. refusal to extradite a cleric wanted by Turkey in connection with a failed coup last year. The cleric, Fethullah Gulen, denies involvement. Additionally, Ankara has been critical of U.S. plans to try Turkish-Iranian gold trader Reza Zarrab and Mehmet Hakan Atilla, an executive with Turkish state bank Halkbank, on charges of defying sanctions against Iran. Ankara describes the case as political. The defendants are scheduled to go on trial next month in New York.
Voice of America
Voice of America: Trump Wants to End Welfare of Clinton Era
Overhauling welfare was one of the defining goals of Bill Clintons presidency, starting with a campaign promise to end welfare as we know it, continuing with a bitter policy fight and producing change that remains hotly debated 20 years later. Now, President Donald Trump wants to put his stamp on the welfare system, apparently in favor of a more restrictive policy. He says people are taking advantage of the system. Trump, who has been signaling interest in the issue for some time, said this past week that he wants to tackle the issue after the tax overhaul he is seeking by the end of the year. He said changes were desperately needed in our country and that his administration would soon offer plans. Work on new policy begins For now, the president has not offered details. Spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders said more specifics were likely early next year. But the groundwork has begun at the White House and Trump has made his interest known to Republican lawmakers. Paul Winfree, director of budget policy and deputy director of Trumps Domestic Policy Council, told a recent gathering at the conservative Heritage Foundation that he and another staffer had been charged with working on a major welfare reform proposal. He said they have drafted an executive order on the topic that would outline administration principles and direct agencies to come up with recommendations. The president really wants to lead on this, Winfree said. He has delivered that message loud and clear to us. Weve opened conversations with leadership in Congress to let them know that that is the direction we are heading. Trump said in October that welfare was becoming a very, very big subject, and people are taking advantage of the system. Clintons campaign promise Clinton ran in 1992 on a promise to change the system but struggled to get consensus on a bill, with Democrats divided and Republicans pushing aggressive changes. Four years later, he signed a law that replaced a federal entitlement with grants to the states, placed a time limit on how long families could get aid and required recipients to go to work eventually. It has drawn criticism from some liberal quarters ever since. During her presidential campaign last year, Democrat Hillary Clinton faced activists who argued that the law fought for by her husband punished poor people. No evidence of fraud Kathryn Edin, a professor at Johns Hopkins University who has been studying welfare since the 1990s, said the laws legacy has been to limit the cash assistance available to the very poor and has never become a springboard to work. She questioned what kinds of changes could be made, arguing that welfare benefits are minimal in many states and there is little evidence of fraud in other anti-poverty programs. Still, Edin said that welfare has never been popular even from its inception. It doesnt sit well with Americans in general. Robert Rector, a senior research fellow at Heritage, said he would like to see more work requirements for a range of anti-poverty programs and stronger marriage incentives, as well as strategies to improve results for social programs and to limit waste. He said while the administration could make some adjustments through executive order, legislation would be required for any major change. This is a good system, he said. We just need to make this system better. Administration officials have suggested they are eyeing anti-poverty programs. Trumps initial 2018 budget proposal, outlined in March, sought to sharply reduce spending for Medicaid, food stamps and student loan subsidies, among other programs. Budget director Mick Mulvaney said this year, If you are on food stamps and you are able-bodied, we need you to go to work.
Voice of America
syria kurds russia – Google News: Trump: US will stop arming Kurds who fought Islamic State – Press Herald

Press Herald
Trump: US will stop arming Kurds who fought Islamic State
Press Herald
ANKARA, Turkey The United States will cut off its supply of arms to Kurdish fighters in Syria, President Trump told the Turkish president on Friday, in a move sure to please Turkey but further alienate Syrian Kurds who bore much of the fight against 
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syria kurds russia – Google News

golosamerikius’s YouTube Videos: Огни зоопарка Вашингтона
From: golosamerikius
Duration: 01:16
Ежегодно в преддверии Рождества в Национальном зоопарке Вашингтона проходит мероприятие под названием ZooLights («Огни зоопарка»). С 24 ноября по 1 января более 500 тысяч светодиодных огней превращают зоопарк в настоящую зимнюю сказку.
Оригинальное видео: https://www.golos-ameriki.ru/a/4136207.html
golosamerikius’s YouTube Videos
Russia and US Presidential Elections of 2016 – Google News: Flynn may be moving to cooperate with Mueller’s Russia probe – Concord Monitor

Concord Monitor
Flynn may be moving to cooperate with Mueller’s Russia probe
Concord Monitor
… the government, lawyers for former national security adviser Michael Flynn have told President Donald Trump’s lawyers that they are no longer communicating with them about special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian election 
Michael Flynn’s Lawyers Reportedly End Communications With President Trump’s TeamTIME
Flynn, Trump lawyers no longer sharing information on Mueller probeUSA TODAY
Jared Kushner, Not Michael Flynn, Could Be Russia Probe’s Next Big Target, Obama Ally SaysNewsweek
CBS News
all 328 news articles »

Russia and US Presidential Elections of 2016 – Google News

Russia | The Guardian: EU anti-propaganda unit gets 1m a year to counter Russian fake news
East Stratcom taskforce will be funded from EU budget for first time after summit highlights threat from cyber-attacks and fake news
The EU is stepping up its campaign to counter disinformation and fake news from Russia by spending more than 1m a year on its specialist anti-propaganda unit.
For the first time since the team was set up in 2015, the East Stratcom taskforce will have money from the EU budget, rather than relying on contributions from EU member states or squeezing other budget lines. The unit has been granted 1.1m (£980,000) a year from the EU budget for 2018-20, according to a source familiar with the teams work.
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Russia | The Guardian
syria kurds russia – Google News: What is the future of the Syrian Democratic Forces? | News | Al … – Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com
What is the future of the Syrian Democratic Forces? | News | Al …
Aljazeera.com
Two Syrian groups are at odds over the sudden departure of a high-ranking Syrian commander who reportedly left for neighbouring Turkey last week.
Post-ISIS, U.S. And Russia (And Oil) Are Key To Syria’s Future …Worldcrunch
all 2 news articles »

syria kurds russia – Google News

US military options in Syria – Google News: What is the future of the Syrian Democratic Forces? – Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com
What is the future of the Syrian Democratic Forces?
Aljazeera.com
The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a US-backed alliance of Kurdish and Arab fighters, and the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army (FSA), a loose entity of opposition rebel groups, have presented different versions of the reasons behind General Talal Silo 
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US military options in Syria – Google News

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Reuters: США занижают численность своих войск в Сирии
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turkish coup 2016 and russia – Google News: Erdoğan, Trump vow to fight against ‘all’ terror groups – Yeni Şafak English

Yeni Şafak English
Erdoğan, Trump vow to fight against ‘all’ terror groups
Yeni Şafak English
Erdoğan shared information with Trump on the recently-held summit in the Russian city of Sochi, it said. … The foundation was established after the July 2016 coup attempt in Turkey to take over the administration of overseas schools linked to FETÖ.
Turkey says Trump told Erdogan weapons won’t be supplied to YPGTRT World
all 164 news articles »

turkish coup 2016 and russia – Google News

golosamerikius’s YouTube Videos: Завтрак у Тиффани уже не только классика американского кинематографа
From: golosamerikius
Duration: 03:11
Оригинальное видео: https://www.golos-ameriki.ru/a/breakfast-at-tiffanys/4135656.html
golosamerikius’s YouTube Videos
В мире Новости Google: В Турции задержан предполагаемый организатор убийства посла Карлова – ТВ Центр – Официальный сайт телекомпании

ТВ Центр – Официальный сайт телекомпании
В Турции задержан предполагаемый организатор убийства посла Карлова
ТВ Центр – Официальный сайт телекомпании
Экс-продюсер турецкого гостелеканала арестован по подозрению в убийстве российского посла Андрея Карлова в декабре прошлого года. Ранее он уже задерживался прокуратурой Стамбула в рамках расследования дела проповедника Фетхуллаха Гюлена. В Анкаре по подозрению в …
По делу об убийстве посла Карлова задержан экс-продюсер турецкого телеканалаZakon.kz
Все похожие статьи: 106 »

В мире Новости Google

Nato Russia – Google News: Serbia embraces tug of war between NATO and Russia – NBCNews.com
Serbia embraces tug of war between NATO and Russia
NBCNews.com
In October, Russia donated six MiG-29 fighter jets to Serbia, which are stationed at Batajnica Air Base a site that was part of the recent “Double Eagle” drills with U.S. forces. The base was also heavily damaged by NATO strikes during the Kosovo 

Nato Russia – Google News

Putin and Putinism – News Review: Появились доказательства «дружбы» Корнета и армии убийц Путина – politeka.net

politeka.net
Появились доказательства «дружбы» Корнета и армии убийц Путина
politeka.net
… Корнета в уничтожении своих бывших «друзей», говорится в сообщении. Помимо этого правоохранители уточнили, что это не первое сотрудничество боевика с наемниками Путина. Так, в 2015-м году именно Корнет и руководитель ЧВК «Вагнера» Уткин, под кураторством ФСБ проводили «зачистку 
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Putin and Putinism – News Review

Europe: Rise of Polish far-right sparks alarm
Fears grow that fringe ideas may seep into mainstream politics
Europe
россия и запад – Google News: Москва проиграла войну в Украине и мечтает обменять Донбасс – Андрей Пионтковский – Апостроф

Апостроф
Москва проиграла войну в Украине и мечтает обменять Донбасс – Андрей Пионтковский
Апостроф
Москва проиграла войну на Донбассе, и в Кремле это понимают, думая, как уйти с Востока Украины. При этом силового освобождения оккупированных территорий не будет, а для возвращения Крыма Украине нужно подождать смены режима в РФ. Такое мнение высказал в …

россия и запад – Google News

Voice of America: Trial of Turkish-Iranian Trader to Start Without Main Suspect
The politically fraught trial of a Turkish-Iranian businessman accused of running a multibillion-dollar scheme to evade U.S. sanctions on Iran gets underway next week but is widely expected to start without the main suspect: Reza Zarrab. Zarrab is a 33-year-old multimillionaire of dual Iranian-Turkish citizenship with business interests in Turkey and the United Arab Emirates, and ties to the governments of Turkey and Iran. He was arrested in Florida in March 2016 while on a family trip to Disney World and later moved to New York to face criminal charges of helping Iran evade U.S. sanctions between 2010 and 2015 by laundering money through the U.S. financial system and bribing Turkish officials. US-Turkey relations The impending trial has become a flashpoint in deteriorating U.S.-Turkish relations. Turkish President Recept Tayyip Erdogan has personally lobbied the U.S. to release Zarrab, raising questions that Erdogan and other Turkish official are worried Zarrab could implicate them with bribery and corruption. Meanwhile, the recent transfer of Zarrab from a federal detention center in New York to an undisclosed location has prompted speculation that he is cooperating with U.S. prosecutors, possibly on unrelated matters of interest to Turkey. Zarrab is accused of using a network of front companies in Turkey and the UAE to disguise hundreds of millions of dollars of business transactions on behalf of the Iranian government and other Iranian entities. One entity, Mahan Air, is charged with ferrying fighters to Syria. Among other things, Zarrab is accused of shipping gold to Iran in exchange for Iranian oil and natural gas in a scheme known as gold for gas. To facilitate his scheme, Zarrab allegedly paid tens of millions of dollars to Turkish government officials and bank executives. The sanctions, aimed at Irans access to U.S. financial institutions, were lifted after Iran struck a deal with the U.S. and other major world powers in 2015 to keep a peaceful nuclear program. Eight other people, including Zarrabs 39-year-old brother, Mohammad Zarrab, and a former minister of economy, Mehmet Zafer Caglayan, have been indicted on charges related to the scheme. But only one other, Mehmet Atilla, a former deputy general manager of Halkbank, one of Turkeys largest banks, has been arrested. Their trial has been repeatedly postponed and is now scheduled to start Monday in New York with jury selection. Allegations In court filings, prosecutors have alleged that Zarrab has had a personal relationship with Erdogan and that Erdogan may have known of of Zarrabs sanctions-busting scheme. Erdogan is not accused of any wrongdoing, but he and other Turkish officials have slammed the case as a conspiracy against Turkey. Erdogan has repeatedly pressed President Donald Trump and former President Barack Obama to drop the case. In September, he said Trump told him that the prosecution is out of his jurisdiction. Yet as Zarrabs trial draws near, there are indications that Zarrab may be negotiating a deal with U.S. prosecutors. For starters, his whereabouts remains a mystery. According to the U.S. Bureau of Prisons website, Zarrab was released from the Metropolitan Correction Center, a federal detention center in New York, Nov. 8. But the U.S. Attorneys Office for the Southern District of New York in Manhattan, where Zarrab will be tried, says he remains in federal custody. Nick Biase, a spokesman for the U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York, confirmed Zarrabs detention to VOA but declined to elaborate. Indication hes talking Legal experts say Zarrabs release from federal detention is an indication that hes talking to prosecutors as part of a guilty plea deal. One cannot be sure, but the most likely explanation for the release of a detained defendant, in the absence of any formal release from detention, is that he is in the custody of the FBI, said Daniel Richman, a former federal prosecutor now a professor at Columbia University in New York. This move rarely happens, but has occurred in extraordinary circumstances. Benjamin Brafman, Zarrabs lead attorney, did not respond to a request for comment. In recent weeks, Brafman and Zarrabs other lawyers have not participated in key pretrial proceedings, such as providing questions for prospective jurors. That has fueled speculation that Zarrab may skip his own trial. In an Oct. 30 court filing, Victor Rocco, an attorney for Atilla, Zarrabs co-defendant, wrote that it appeared likely that Mr. Atilla will be the only defendant appearing at trial. Eric Jaso, a former federal prosecutor now a partner at the Spiro Harrison law firm in Short Hills, New Jersey, said the absence of Zarrabs lawyers from court proceedings could mean Zarrab is cooperating with the government. Adding to the mystery, the federal judge overseeing the case dropped Zarrabs name from the title of the case in an order issued Monday and replaced it with Atillas name. The title change suggests Atilla will be the only defendant on trial Monday, Richman said. It is also consistent with Zarrabs having already entered a guilty plea, although that is not necessarily the case, Richman said. Acting U.S. Attorney Joon Kim, whose office is prosecuting the case, gave no indication last week that his office has dropped the case against Zarrab. This case, our case, the prosecution thats going on and well start next week in the courthouse, was brought and will continue to be brought by career prosecutors, by career FBI agents and investigators, Kim said at a press conference.
Voice of America
Turkey and Russia – Google News: Turkey arrests one in Russian envoy murder case – Hurriyet Daily News

Hurriyet Daily News
Turkey arrests one in Russian envoy murder case
Hurriyet Daily News
The head of a Turkish media group was arrested late on Nov. 24 in the capital Ankara for his alleged involvement in the assassination of Russian Ambassador Andrey Karlov. Guru Media Broadcast Group Chairman Hayreddin Aydınbaş was arrested on …
Relief fund for children set up in memory of slain Russian envoy KarlovDaily Sabah
all 8 news articles »

Turkey and Russia – Google News

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Jailors, Criminal Bosses and Muslims Dividing Up Urals Prison Camps
Paul Goble
Staunton, November 24 Effective control of prisons and prison camps in the Urals is now being divided between jailors, criminal bosses, and Muslims to such a degree that the zones are referred to as red if the jailors are in charge, black if ordinary criminals are, and green if Muslim groups control the situation.
But this division is not yet stable, Igor Pushkaryev of Novyye izvestiya reports. Instead, there is a constant battle among the three groups with now one and now another gaining the upper hand and no one certain that this or that jail or camp will remain under a particular category (znak.com/2017-11-23/kak_fsin_vory_i_musulmane_delyat_uralskie_zony).
Experts say, however, that the division between red and black is especially conditional because the prison authorities continue to rely on ordinary criminals to help them police the situation. As a result, the real divide is between those the jailors and ordinary criminals control and those where they have lost out to the Muslims who have made these institutions green.
Some observers, like the social oversight bodies in Sverdlovsk, that officials have created the scarecrow of green jails in order to unite the jailors and the ordinary criminals into one fist and argue that the Muslims have seldom been able to sustain control over any particular facility for long, although that may change as the numbers of Muslim prisoners increase.
There are also widespread rumors that the FSB has had to intervene and take direct control of certain facilities, Pushkaryev continues; but these rumors are dismissed by local sources because they say that the FSB officers never go into the colonies themselves. This is not their level. The fact there are rumors, however, shows how badly things have deteriorated.
But there is an even stronger piece of evidence that the fight among the jailors, ordinary criminals and Muslims is reaching new heights. Prison officials in the Urals region now routinely insist that all our zones are red, a claim that would have no meaning if there werent a genuine threat from black and green alternatives.
Window on Eurasia — New Series
Putin and Putinism – News Review: Возмущённый Зюганов направил телеграмму Путину – Газета Кемерова

Газета Кемерова
Возмущённый Зюганов направил телеграмму Путину
Газета Кемерова
Руководитель Коммунистической партии Геннадий Зюганов направил президенту России Владимиру Путинутелеграмму в связи с переименованием ряда улиц в Санкт-Петербурге. Политик возмущён попытками «поднять новую волну распрей внутри страны». Лидер КПРФ высказал …
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Putin and Putinism – News Review

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Operation “Russification Takes Off in Daghestan
Paul Goble
Staunton, November 24 Vladimir Putins language policies are angering non-Russians across the country, but his replacement of non-Russian officials in these federal subjects with ethnic Russian ones may prove to be even more threatening to the future existence of the republics and their titular nationalities.
The most obvious case of this is Putins installation of a Kazan-Russian as head of Daghestan, especially given Vladimir Vasilyevs announcement that he will not maintain the ethnic quota system in appointments but instead choose officials on the basis of their competence alone.
That may sound entirely reasonable, just as it did to many when Mikhail Gorbachev made a similar declaration even before becoming CPSU leader. After all, who can be against competence as a selection principle? But it can serve a cover for an ethnic Russian take-over of positions that the non-Russians had long viewed as legitimately their own.
That is what appears to be happening in many places, and in Daghestan, the independent news publication Chernovik has described the ongoing replacement of non-Russian officials there by ethnic Russians in an article entitled Operation Russification an indication of how sensitive such shifts are (chernovik.net/content/anons/operaciya-rusifikaciya).
The weekly reports that this russification of cadres has proceeded especially far in the procuracy and law enforcement areas where those now being appointed at various levels are people who do not have any relationship to the republic but instead have been inserted from elsewhere.
Such people are routinely presented as being independent of the local clans and thus better fitted to fight crime, but in fact, Chernovik says, regardless of whether that is true or not, it is at one and the same time leading to the replacement of Daghestanis with ethnic Russians in positions the former had viewed as their own for decades.
The appearance of this article underscores the fact that many in Daghestan are not pleased by this development. Indeed, they may be inclined to make it more not less difficult for the new Russian arrivals to do their jobs. After all, it is going to take some time for Russians without experience in Daghestan to learn the ropes.
As a result, there may be an uptick in crime in Daghestan and with an added ethnic dimension with residents of the republic viewing the criminals and the outsider officials in terms of their nationality and not just in terms of their functions.  To the extent that happens, this latest Russificatory move could backfire or force Moscow to be even more repressive.
Window on Eurasia — New Series
Russia – Google News: Argentina missing submarine: Russia joins search – BBC News

BBC News
Argentina missing submarine: Russia joins search
BBC News
Russia has joined the search for Argentina’s missing submarine and is expected to deploy a remote-controlled device to trawl the sea on Saturday. It is one of a dozen countries involved in the search to find out what happened to the ARA San Juan and
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Russia – Google News

В мире Новости Google: Создание российской базы в Судане нецелесообразно, считает эксперт – РИА Новости

РИА Новости
Создание российской базы в Судане нецелесообразно, считает эксперт
РИА Новости
МОСКВА, 25 ноя РИА Новости. Полноценная российская база в Судане в настоящее время нецелесообразна с военной точки зрения; чтобы не распылять ресурсы, надо развивать на территории Сирии авиабазу Хмеймим и пункт материально-технического обеспечения (ПМТО) …
Президент Судана обсудил с Путиным и Шойгу создание военной базыРБК
В Совфеде заявили о готовности к созданию военной базы в СуданеГазета.Ru
Президент Судана обсудил с Путиным и Шойгу создание базы на Красном мореВзгляд
Федеральное агентство новостей No.1 –Московский Комсомолец –BFM.ru –Говорит Москва
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В мире Новости Google

Ukraine – Google News: New separatist leader appointed in eastern Ukraine – Tampabay.com

Deutsche Welle
New separatist leader appointed in eastern Ukraine
Tampabay.com
MOSCOW (AP) Separatist lawmakers in eastern Ukraine have appointed an interim chief to replace their beleaguered leader in an apparent palace coup. The resignation of the leader of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Plotnitsky was …
Senior Ukraine separatist: Rebel chief has resignedABC News
Leader of rebel-held Ukraine region resigns amid infighting | Europe …Deutsche Welle
Separatist Leader In Ukraine’s Luhansk Resigns Amid Power StruggleRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
BBC News –Voice of America
all 134 news articles »

Ukraine – Google News

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Russian History is Both Cyclical and Predictable, Lipkin Argues
Paul Goble
Staunton, November 24 Cultural historian Arkady Lipkin argues that Russian history is both cyclical and predictable because of widespread paternalistic values that lead most people most of the time to accept their rulers, occasionally lead to revolts, but do not permit real revolutions which fundamentally change the relationship between rulers and ruled.
Lipkin made this argument in a 2012 article, Russia Between Pre-Modern Institutes of Order and Present-Day Democratic Values (in Russian, in Mir Rossii. Sotsiologiya. Etnologiya, no. 4 (2012), available at cyberleninka.ru/article/n/rossiya-mezhdu-nesovremennymi-prikaznymi-institutami-i-sovremennoy-demokraticheskoy-kulturoy).
That article has now been excerpted in some detail by the Tolkovatelportal  (ttolk.ru/articles/metodolog_arkadiy_lipkin_buntyi_v_rossii_smenyayutsya_korotkimi_tsiklami_liberalizmazamorozki).
Russian life is based on paternalistic values, Lipkin says. Here there is no agreement between rulers and ruled, and the rulers have to be concerned about the well-being only of society as a whole but not of its individual members. Individual life, not to mention freedom and the rights of the individual have little value.
Most of the time the ruled accept whatever the rulers do, but occasionally there are revolts because the masses have no other effective means of influencing the ruler.  Dissatisfaction builds up, the people revolt but then the new people who come to power quickly come into conformity with the paternalistic pattern and the ruled accept that as well.
This relatively rapid restoration of the old structure in paternalistic Russia is what distinguishes its revolts from genuine revolutions, Lipkin says.  But such systems are both more ancient and easier to form than ones in which rulers and ruled enter into contractual relationships with each other.
These systems arose, he continues, because of the need for mobilization of resources, for example, for supporting complex irrigations systems, lengthy trade routes or wars with stronger neighbors. The last is the reason one appeared in Russia and is why bourgeois contractual urban institutions did not arise there.
The Russian system could not prevent the periodic growth of popular dissatisfaction, Lipkin says, but it could block the appearance of real revolutions that would fundamentally change the situation. Instead, it has led to one in which there are periodic revolts that rapidly return to new systems all too much like the ones they were supposed to replace.
Russia is set apart from other order-type states because it came into contact far earlier with the rapidly developing Europe of modern times. That simultaneously forced it to become more authoritarian and thus more paternalistic even as it led to the creation of a new class of people who wanted to ape European cultural values and to conflicts between them and the paternalistic majority.
This underlying conflict had the effect of shortening the cycle between quiescence and revolt for four reasons, Lipkin continues: defeat by the West liberal reforms from above under the slogan Russia is Europe, with forced liberalization, a certain success in catching up followed by stagnation and the latest defeat by the West.
The essential distinction of the new post-Soviet period from the past is the absence of an ideology. Muscovy relied on Orthodoxy, the USSR used communism, but post-Soviet Russia doesnt have one and that explains why despite the constitution there have been periodic attempts to restore one or the other or some combination of the two.
According to Lipkin, today we have the very same range of ideologies that existed at the turn from the 19th to the 20th centuries: European-democratic socialist (in three forms: communism, nationalist and national socialist), Orthodox and populist.  Except for the first, all conform with the paternalistic conception of the ruler and the order system.
The prospects for an escape from this dilemma by a third path are far less clear for Russia than they are for China, the cultural historian argues, because the latter has a widespread Confucian base while the former lacks agreement on explicit ideology even as it relies on the paternalistic values of the past.
Window on Eurasia — New Series

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